Speaker: Imam Djafer

Suratul Hujuraat ayat 5 – 8 

5. If only they had patience until thou couldst come out to them, it would be best for them: but Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

  • Prophet(saw) didnt come forward and told others to behave properly with him, because he had hayaa’.
  • Once he(Saw) had hayaa’ to not tell people to leave his home after the waleema. so when we finish eating, we should ask permission to leave, unless host tells us its ok to stay
  • Sabr is like the head to the body. – Hadith
  • This helped others to understand Rasulullah(saw)’s character.
  • Students of the past behaving with teachers:
    • Abdullah ibn Abbas – (teenager at the time) – “I wanted to learn hadith and collect hadith from sahaba while they are alive”
      • He told another ansari – lets do it – that ansari said why should we, we are too young
      • He would go to a great sahabi during nap time (qaylulla – before dhur, afer dhur), not disturb him.
        • qaylulla – hikma behind it -help to perform qayamul layl
      • On the way to masjid he would ask the sahabi about the hadith
      • Its not the amount of knowledge gained, its the way it is gained – thats the way he went about
      • One tabayeen described Abdullah ibn Abbas – you would find a huge line outside his house to ask him questions
      • Rasulullah(saw) made dua for him -“oh Allah teach him the understanding of the Quran’
    • Imam Ash – Shafi’i – went from Mekkah to Medina to learn from Imam Malik

6.O ye who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly(out of ignorance), and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.

  • For someone to be a witness – they need to be upright (adl)
  • Fasiq – commits violations of deen, deliberately, not caring, sometimes even go public – opposite of adl
    • Fasaqa – “mouse getting out of his hole “- leaving the rhelm of…
    • Least fasiq – not performing Salaah
  • A’asi – less category
  • Teaching Muslim to not be naive. Be careful, good intention is not enough. Verify information
  • Information here- not specified – most importantly about Islam and about rights of other people
  • ex: Fasting – You refer to a doctor to see if you can break fast because you are sick – Yes see a faqee- Find a Muslim Doctor – someone who is familiar with this information .
  • This ayat is based on an incident – A sahabi was sent to a community that was newly Muslim to collect zakat, he was shy to collect it
    • He came back and said they are not Muslim’s , the Prophet(saw) said , go check first.
  • Act of Zina – needs 4 witnesses – keeps us from hurting the dignity of others
  • Umar (ra) came to Ali (ra) and asked , if i were to tell you someone committed zina, Ali told him, come to me with 4 witnesses or you will get lashes – shows how serious this is.
  • All things taught about the deen should be referred back to (ex: this person said it, from such a book) , unless its a matter well known about the deen (ex: performing salaah).
    • Hadith categorizing, narration chains.
      • Circumstances:
        • Must be upright,
        • authentic (exactly what he learned) ,
        • fiqa (would not have another intention behind reporting information)

7. And know that among you is Allah’s Messenger: were he, in many matters, to follow your (wishes), ye would certainly fall into misfortune: But Allah has endeared the Faith to you, and has made it beautiful in your hearts, and He has made hateful to you Unbelief, wickedness, and rebellion: such indeed are those who walk in righteousness;-

  • Becareful in your claim to faith – Imaan is a gift from Allah.
  • Kufr, fusooq, is’yaan – Unbelief, wickedness, disobey – mentioned in levels

8. A Grace and Favour from Allah; and Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom.