Journey of our Qalb (CD8)- External & Inner Dimensions of Hajj – Sh Mokhtar

final-cover-hajj

Arafaat


  1. It is THE RUKN of Hajj
  2. Arafaat, Arafatu – has the root verb of Arafa – which means “to Know”
  3. On Arafah we know our dhunub, our nafs
    1. We stand there acknowledging what we are. Allah wants us to know and acknowledge our deficiencies. Allah has always seen us and knows us. Allah wants us to come to Him naked spiritually, without hiding anything
    2. Acknowledge our sins: major, minor, old and new.
    3. We know our nafs by its weakness, transgressions, rebelliousness, hawah (worldy inclinations)
    4. Know Allah by His love and compassion and Knowledge, forgiveness
    5. We must stand there acknowledging ourselves
  4. Root – Al Arrafah – To perfume (tayyib). Allah says in the Quran : “Allah will enter his Ibaad to His beautifully smelling Jannah” (Arrafa haala hum)
    1. If we come to Him knowing ourselves, He will forgive us our sins
    2. Sins make our hearts smell nasty, on Arafaat, Allah cleanses and makes our hearts smell beautiful
  5. Arafat is a place of seeking permission of Allah.
    1. It is outside of the Haraam (Mekkah) . The movement of Hajj starts here, moving towards the haraam. Before we enter into the sanctuary of Allah, we need to be cleansed and washed. We are going to go visit Allah’s house!!! Wash our hearts!
  6. Rasulullah (Saw) says: “ Allah celebrates in the presence of the angels, these inhabitants of the earth, who come to Allah seeking His nearness genuinely.”

Muzdelifah- Now they are allowed to move towards the haraam. To Muzdalefa ( means to come nearer, to approach)

    1. Rasulullah (saw) – in Arafaat made a dua – Asked Allah to forgive the believers on Arafaat ALL THEIR SINS! , Allah forgave them all their sins, EXCEPT their rights on other creatures.
    2. In Muzdalefah, some ulema teach that Rasulullah (saw) was in a dua and he was smiling and happy – he said (saw) – that I was laughing and smiling because Allah granted me that dua , and shaytaan was mad and throwing dust on himself out of what he saw of the Rahmah of Allah on His ibaad this night of Muzdelifa. The dua was to forgive those who went against the rights of others.

MINA! Coming closer to Haraam! – MINA!

    1. Mina or Muna – means – My desire, my hope
    2. Desire of nearness to Allah is closest!
    3. In Muna – Adam wished for Jannah and desired for Jannah, that’s why its called Muna, Mina – unkown if its an authentic text
    4. First thing to do when in Muna – Cast Pebbles in Jamaratul Kubra. Some people thinks its Shaytaan , the jamarah is not shaytaan!

i. What does it symbolize – Shaytan tried to stop Ibrahim’s nafs, this is where it symbolizes Ibrahim pushing shaytan away. Cast the pebbles at shaytaan, I will not obey shaytaan anymore. “Allahoakber” cast the pebble!

ii. Jamarah – is a container “Majmer” which holds the fire , used to keep us warm during cold.

1. Majmer confines the fire from spreading out and hurting us.

iii. Pebble has to fall into the Basin, doesn’t have to hit the Pillar!

1. As I do that, Im jailing the fire of my nafs there, Im leaving it there! Liberating my qalb from the fire of my Hawaa/Shahwah, And Shaytaan

2. May Allah give us that

iv. Slaughter the animal – ultimately Im remembering the slaughtering of the nafs/iraada, just like how Ibrahim intended to slaughter his son, in obedience of Allah.

1. not only jailed in the jamarah, but slaughtered!

v. Shave my hair. – Most people don’t like to shave their hair.

1. Hair represents a sense of Arrogance – sense of Nafs is left

2. Rasulullah (saw) – said :”Shaving is better than trimming”

3. Head is the top most thing in me. Symbolizes my honor “Don’t touch my head/hair”

4. Shave it off to kill whatever is remaining of the nafs!

5. Now we are clean insha Allah

6. Wash and do theeb – but don’t approach spouse yet

Now we are allowed to enter the House! – Tawaaful Ifaada!!

    1. Ifaada – meanings – Fayadhaan – “Burst/flooding of something” – Burst of my heart to the house of Allah.
    2. Your arrive at the house! With floods of burst of desire! Finally I arrive!
    3. Remember the old women “Baytu Rabbi Baytu Rabbi! , she clung to the cloth of the kaaba and there she died”

i. Story of the old lady: She was a blind old lady, who was being taken to Hajj by her son/relative, and all along the way she kept asking “Baytu Rabbi?” and the man kept telling her no, until they arrived in the courtyard of the Haram. She asked again, Baytu Rabbi, and the man replied yes. Then she asked to be taken to the Kaaba so she could touch it. She clinged to the cloth of the kaabaa and kept saying Baytu Rabbi.. and there she died.

    1. There is the Hajre Aswaad – Renewal of our pledge with Allah.
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Wednesday Halaqa – November 14 – Suratul Hujuraat

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Imam Djafer

Tafsir Suratul Hujuraat: Ayat 8 -10

from book: Safwatut Tafaseer

8. A Grace and Favour from Allah; and Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom.

  • It is a favor from Allah that we have faith and guidance

9.If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other, then fight ye (all) against the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; but if it complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair: for Allah loves those who are fair (and just).  

  •  What is the reason for this ayat to be revealed?
    • Sometimes believers fought, not with weapons, but just civil fighting, (with tree branches, slippers)
    • Rasulullah(saw) went to visit Abdullah Ibn Ubayd, and there was a clash
  • Somtimes books are written about sahaba, and they are made to look ideal, but they are humans , and we hsould realize this and that is one reason why this ayat is revealed, these are realistic issues, people do disagree somtimes, and there might be fights, so it needs to be resolved, and Allah knows His creation.
  • A way to realize this. The two parties who are fighting should be confronted by a third party, both should be educated about what is right and wrong, and the wrong party will have to give the right party their rights.  If the wrong party transgresses still, the third party has to take side with the good party and fight for the right cause.  The physical intervention can only be taken by the executive party who is in charge of the Islamic government
  • Adl and Qist – Justice and Fairness – When Allah mentions two things seperately, there is an reason for it.
  • Is it a must to fight the transgressing party?
    • For the leader – it is a Must  to fight the transgressing party
      •  ex: During Ali
    • Other Ulema said no, not must, but recommended, it is left to the Leader to decide. Maybe the time is not right according to the Imams reasoning.
  • Adab with Sahaba (ra) – they are at higher levels than us, because they were around Rasulullah(saw) , yes they are human , but they are overall much better than us, they were trustworthy.  We should not in any way disrespect them.
  • How much should we obey this Government?
    • We made a choice to obey this government – and Muslims are asked to fulfill their obligations
    • They allow us to practice our deen, so we must obey them, as long as the obedience of the Government doesn’t make me disobey Allah.

10.The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers; and fear Allah, that ye may receive Mercy.

  •  Khawarij – when Ali (ra) was being confronted by Khawarij – Some approached Ali (ra) to ask what he thought about them, he said, they are staying away from disbelief, they are our brothers who stood up against us.  Look at this leadership.

Qur’an Arabic Script: http://www.quranflash.com/en

Quran Translation: http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/049.qmt.html